Mario Frustaci

Advisor: Prof. Pasquale Pace

Topic:  “Interoperable & Secure  IoT”

Abstract:  The Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm is becoming more real every day getting the interest of many international research projects. In the next future, it will involve billion of smart-devices with processing, sensing and actuating capabilities able to be connected to the Internet; thus,  IoT systems will be “ubiquitous” and “pervasive”, bringing  several benefits to mankind and also many issues about interoperability, security and privacy.

The widespread heterogeneity of the Internet of Things is one of the major causes hindering interoperability because each device has its own hardware and software platform; furthermore, there are many different communication technologies already implemented (RFID, NFC, Bluetooth, WiFi, LTE, etc.) and various application protocols for M2M communication (such as COAP, MQTT ) and M2M device management (such as LwM2M, OMA-DM), due to  the absence of universal standards.

The Internet of Things paradigm “hides” another great challenge about security emphasized by the lack of standards specifically designed for devices with limited resources and heterogeneous technologies. In addition, these devices, due to many vulnerabilities, represent a “fertile ground” for existing cyber threats (including malware, denial-of-service attacks, and network attacks). Finally, another matter of concern is the privacy in the protection of the personal data collected by such IoT systems since it is necessary that the generic end user has full awareness and control of the automatic data flow.

According to this vision and the presented issues, the research activities will be focused on the study and the proposal of novel, effective and feasible methods and models to support the so called “Interoperable and Secure IoT”.